Survive earthquakes

Capture 8

.

.

Solution

Increasing the odds to survive earthquakes

 The description of  “Earthquakes” can be found under “Why be prepared”.

.

.

Prelude

Surviving an earthquake seems like a "no brainer", ... especially for those who have experienced tremors most of our lives. However, ... earthquakes can destroy structures and property, displace families from their homes as well as cause serious injury or death.  Our life spans are relatively short in comparison to geological cycles which are reoccurring here on earth. Most inhabitants of Earth have generally been spared major instances when massive or catastrophic adjustments occur to the planet.  History depicts that massive earthquakes are cyclic and inevitable. Detrimental changes can occur across the surface of the planet which can have huge impacts for a vast number of life forms living here. As we have seen over the years, ... earthquakes have wrecked societies and caused a tremendous loss of life. As the cycle continues to count down towards a climactic shift it is imperative for survival minded people to consider taking measures in safeguarding our lives and those closest to us in preparation for a cataclysmic event. Having a Plan of action in case of an earthquake is conducive for survival.

.

.

The following is intended to assist those seeking solutions to surviving the effects associated with earthquakes.

.

.

.

Understanding our personal environments

It would certainly be advantageous to have an earthquake warning system in every home or work place. Some type of device or apparatus that would provide the adequate time to escape to a safer location. If there were such a warning device what could we possibly do with those few moments of time? Would it really make a substantial difference? What sort of preparations would you have in place that could take advantage of those precious minutes? These are the questions deserving of answers which should be addressed with or without warning systems in place. Earthquakes are diverse and so our methods of surviving them should also be. In summery, ... having a basic understanding of our surroundings will play the biggest roll in surviving the diversity of most earth shaking events. Most all people living in civilized regions have routines that can have survival plans applied to them. Most of us typically begin our day at home. The majority of people generally get ready for work and hit the road for a reasonable commute to their work place. There we are,... at work for the majority of the day until the work day is done. We again hit the road back to the home with an occasional pit stop to the grocery store, gym etc. That is a typical routine for most people living in a societal region. It is therefore a simple task to analyze the locations where most of our time is spent. Some things in life we have a degree of control over while others are left to reactive instincts such as to run, hide or do nothing at all which is often the case for those who are UN-prepared. Injury and death can most often be avoided by making key observations and having a plan of action for various scenario's. The information below is intended to provoke consideration for various environments and apply them to our own scenario's for the purpose of increasing the odds of surviving an earthquake.

.

.

Earthquake scenario's

.

Best case scenario

Level one, "Condition Green". A condition green is simply a scenario where ground movement and shaking has little or no effect on our personal space or location during the event. This is a typical situation that leaves us with our hearts racing with excitement but well enough to walk away with nothing more than a story to tell. That may be good for most of us but is not always the case for others. Once we have determined that all is well with ourselves than it is OK to focus our attention on helping others if need be. During this time period it is important for tuning in to local news just in case the event has resulted in an industrial accident or ruptured water and gas lines prompting an evacuation from your immediate location. In most cases a minor earthquake or "tremor" will result in little or no substantial damage. Many such tremors or light earthquakes are centered far enough away from our location that the excitement or concerns comes and goes quickly as things return to normal. If we have loved ones living in the areas closer to the epicenter than it may be cause enough to make contact with them to be sure they are OK or require assistance. Typically during a low level earthquake event emergency services are not extremely busy and will most likely respond quickly to minor issues.

.

Middle case scenario

Level two, "Condition Yellow".  A condition yellow earthquake event is that which generally hits closer to our personal space or location prompting a higher level of concern and a degree of action. This level of earth movement is considered stronger than a tremor yet typically short in duration followed by one or two aftershocks of lesser impact. These are earthquakes that bring forth an emotional response beyond excitement and introduce a new level of fear amongst many recipients, ... especially for those who have not experienced earth movement like this before. This is a situation when we realize that bodily harm might occur. This is a time when having a higher level of familiarity with our own environment comes in handy. Understanding strengths and weaknesses of the structures we use daily as well as the stability of the furniture, shelving and art inside will aid in prompting appropriate action in protecting one's self and others. With enough instability most anything not bolted down can become a projectile or object of injury or death. Having better knowledge of the neighborhood and business district we occupy will be useful if evacuation is necessary. Once again it is advantageous to tune into local news to get a better understanding as to the effects of the event and how it may effect us directly. Have a plan specific for the environment.

.

Worse case scenario

Level three, "Condition Red".  A condition red earthquake is no joke. It is an event that can change the surface of the Earth. This is the kind of ground movement that bring down buildings, rip apart roads, crack open dams and destroy human built structures as depicted in the movie "San Andreas". The odds of surviving a catastrophic level three earthquake depends largely on where we are during the event which is often indicative of our routine and environment. During such an event our minds are evaluating the effects of the situation which varies for each of us. None the less a powerful earthquake with high magnitude is a good indication of severity which may prompt immediate action. The duration of the event should not be anticipated as short. A powerful earthquake with a long duration of time can be disastrous especially where humans choose to work and live. Unfortunately it may be necessary to go against your gut feelings to hunker down or flea like the wind? That decision will be better served by having the best possible understanding with our daily environment and surroundings. Having even a vague plan will save lives. That plan is specific for each one of us based on the immediate environment of conditions and situation we find ourselves in. For example,... Living in the vicinity of a nuclear power plant may prompt an adjustment of the plan which would include performing a degree of homework on the facility itself. Especially if it is located on an earthquake fault-line. Condition red earthquakes can be detrimental in secondary ways which is also dependent on where we are. Seismic events of this magnitude can occur deep in the ocean causing tsunamis and floods as well as occurring below mountain ranges known to have volcanic activity. A good plan for level three earthquakes might include the understanding that emergency services may not be available for some time. Roads may be impassable making difficult to evacuate beyond our immediate location. With that being said there are a few items that become essential following a disastrous earthquake. It is advantageous having a plan to be self reliant for a period of at least 3 to 5 days. Safeguard items like water, food, shelter, communication and a medical kit. These are the type of disastrous events where we can all benefit from a little prepping to increase the odds of surviving. Signal devices may be needed for occasions when survival is dependent on the rescue from others. Getting their attention may make the difference between life or death. Also keep in mind that divine intervention does happen. It doesn't hurt to encourage it when trapped and time is of the essence.

.

.

.

Considerations for specific environments

.

Emphasis on living conditions susceptible to seismic activity

.

At the home

How is your home set up?

Earthquake proofing a home generally means to make it safe from stuff being tossed around causing injury. It is not a bad idea to be sure that tall furniture and fixtures are secure from toppling over. Upper cabinets need to be secure in a way that is in excess of what is considered normal preventing them from accidentally opening. Fish tanks are better left closer to the floor and artwork should be fastened securely so as to prevent falling off walls.

.

Is the home new or old?

Older homes tend to mimic characteristics associated with a time of lesser seismic regulations and present an increased potential for damage from earthquake events. Though wooden structures were built tough years ago, ... flexibility was less forgiving which historically resulted in broken windows, gas and water lines or crumbling foundations. Many earlier homes have heavy heating and air conditioning units installed on the roofs which stands the possibility to fall through to the living areas. Even earlier homes used fuel oil as a heating source which is also very dangerous during a disastrous event.

.

Location of home?

Is the home located on a serious fault line? If so seismic retrofitting may be advantageous. Are we living in a heavily populated area which may result in a rapid depletion of resources or neighborhoods prone to criminal activity? If so than have a plan to be prepared for such conditions inherent to those environments. Do we live near a chemical factory or nuclear plant? Better to have a plan than not.

.

Children, family & pets?

Most importantly are our loved ones. Those in our immediate reach are first and foremost in guarding and protecting. It is important to know where they are when the ground starts to shake and roll. Without having a degree of control over them during an event will only add to the lack of ability to move forward to the next step of surviving a catastrophic earthquake.

.

Neighbors requiring help?

Once we have determined that our personal safety is intact and secure it may be necessary to render assistance to those who are less fortunate or capable.

.

How to earthquake proof our homes

[Source 1] , [Source 2] , [Source 3]

.

.

While in transit

Typical routines for most people living in societal regions include traveling to and from work occasionally stopping at places we use regularly. If those places are located in metropolitan areas of congestion the potentials for injury or delay in action may be immanent so plan accordingly. Carry resources in the vehicle with a decent pair of walking shoes and have a map to aid in circumventing congestion due to traffic obstructions. If on public transit systems it can be an advantage to sitting near exits so as to avoid crowds of panic. If traveling in vehicles be sure to avoid stopping under an overpass or other large structures which stand the potential of falling.

.

At the work place

Know your building construction and evacuation routes. If in a high rise building be aware that these monster building are made to sway a little so don't freak out when looking out the windows. It will appear much worse than it is unless it really is. Stay away from the windows and find areas with structural superiority such as near elevator shafts and stairwells. Some environments offer little to no refuge from a terrible situation leaving us with nothing more than to ride it out until the shaking has stopped. Understand that aftershocks are very likely so quick action may be necessary between them. If the structural integrity of the building is in question it may be the best course of action to escape so as to avoid a potential collapse. It may be the only option remaining. To run!!!

.

.

.

 Potential signs for earthquake activity

.

 The following information is speculative and provided for consideration

Changes in animal behavior before an earthquake has been observed and documented in different parts of the world, most recently in the northern California earthquake of October 17, 1989. It has been recorded that a fish in a high school biology lab in California would flip on its side before some earthquakes. Dogs, cats, snakes, and horses have also been known to behave strangely before earthquakes. Additional signs have been associated with rapid temperature changes in specific geological regions which encourages the stretching and movement of land. Other factors have been said to be associated with fracking and heavy levels of harvesting of crude oils. Conspiracy theorists would add to causes for seismic activity by claiming miles of underground tunnels are being cut through areas of geological interest or influence. Creating large and heavy structures and digging new reservoirs and lakes place added stress on the earth due to a shift in weight distribution as is the concern for the new dam built in China. [Source]. Geologists around the world urged China to perform an impact analysis prior to building the dam yet the Chinese government moved forward building anyway without such a study. Since its completion seismic activity has increased in the region.

 

 

 

Video's 

.

Additional perspectives.

  Capture 14

play-video-button

  Capture 20

 .

.

.

References

http://earthquakecountry.org/survive/

http://www.wikihow.com/Survive-an-Earthquake

http://geology.com/articles/earthquake-safety.shtml

http://www.secretsofsurvival.com/survival/earthquake.html

http://www.howcast.com/videos/223534-how-to-survive-an-earthquake/

P2S