Survive extreme cold and hot weather

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Solution

Increasing the odds of surviving extreme cold and hot weather

The description for "Extreme cold and hot weather" can be found under "Why be prepared"

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Prelude

The content of this page is intended to aid those seeking information which may be conducive for surviving extreme or spontaneous temperatures and climate swings that may present hazardous conditions for humans. It is understood that many regions with harsh climates are home to inhabitants who have acclimated to those conditions over time. Seasons come and go. As the years pass by we tend to get used to weather patterns discounting the possibility for extreme and unexpected events. As a result we can become less concerned with preparing for any such calamity. Many humans have become so acclimated to seasonal changes that they are caught off guard when  extreme conditions arise. Ultimately anything that supports human existence which can be effected by extreme levels of unexpected temperatures deserves consideration when preparing for calamities as such. Though it is natural to experience swings and changes in weather patterns occasionally the earth reaches a tipping point during a cycle when weather patterns and relative temperatures dip above or below expectations. It is then when calamities associated with those conditions can occur. People who are accustomed to extreme environments are typically prepared but not impervious to unexpected weather changes. Many travelers in history have lost their lives during extreme and rapid swings in temperature even after having been prepared. Considerations given to unexpected changes in weather is certainly conducive for survival minded people who are trying to live beyond the moment or disaster.

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Surviving extreme cold and hot weather means that everything associated with the support of human life be considered when preparing for such conditions. There are chain reactions that can occur from extreme and unexpected temperature swings which can be devastating if not planned for appropriately. Secondary priorities become more important than the obvious primary concerns. Below are things to consider when preparing for extreme temperature swings and related environmental conditions.

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General precautionary measures

Be aware of symptoms and effects associated with extreme temperature conditions. Having a better understanding as to what our bodies require as an acceptable range of parameters for survival is advantageous for those who seek solutions. Despite which end of the thermometer we are evading there are a few reminders applicable and conducive for surviving extreme temperature conditions. Most anything that is used to support human life becomes vulnerable to extreme temperature swings. Agriculture, food & water, pets, machinery, technologies, shelters as well as the ground we walk on are all susceptible to changes during unexpected changes in climate and weather conditions. Rapid and unexpected swings of temperature can have detrimental effects on human lives if not planned for appropriately. Listed below are a few helpful hints to aid those seeking solutions to extreme weather related temperatures and conditions.

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 Shelter 

Hiding from the elements of extreme temperatures is instinctively normal and conducive for enduring weather related calamities. Simply stated, ... it is smarter to evade such conditions of discomfort by avoiding direct exposure. For most of us, .... staying "indoors"...  be it at home or at work is a practical solution however, ... what happens when we are without those conveniences? This is when locating or building a shelter comes in handy. Of course stumbling across an old structure or cave is useful however, ... be advised that those finds may already be inhabited. Exercise caution!!!. It is advantageous to know which direction the wind may blow as well as where the sun is setting. Evade the effects of temperature by avoiding tempered wind until a suitable shelter has been located. Be cautious of utilizing a vehicle as a shelter. Extreme temperatures are typically accompanied by additional elements such as snow and ice during a freeze or melting and burning during a hot spell. One very important element required for survival is of course the air we breath. Be sure to keep a path for breathable air regardless of the shelter type being used.

Relevant resources:  [Shelters] , [More shelters] , [Videos] , [More videos] , [Snow caves]

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Clothing

There is appropriate clothing for varying degrees of temperature. To be caught out in extremely cold temperatures unexpectedly without the appropriate clothing can certainly present concerns for livelihood and longevity.  Just the same, ... extreme conditions of heat can have detrimental effects on a body within a short amount of time. Most people are inclined and default to remove clothing for very hot temperatures which is not always the best idea unless heavily layered. People who live in or around harsh climates as such have typically grown accustomed to adjusting to those environments. Those people generally cover themselves so as to prevent direct exposure to the sun. Secondary effects from the sun, (heat), can be tolerated if we stay hydrated and out of direct contact. Direct exposure to both hot and cold weather should be avoided. Burns can occur from a freeze or the sun. Wear clothing loose and in layers, keep it dry,... even if by wearing plastic over clothing. Stuffing clothes with dry weeds and foliage can add to insulating factors for extreme cold conditions. The type of materials used to make our clothing is just as important. Some clothing seems to attract varying aspects of temperature. No need to compound the situation. Dress appropriately.

Relevant resources: [Clothing for heat] , [Working in the heat] , [Dressing for cold weather] , [Wilderness insulation] , [Cold weather clothing tips] , [Video / improvised clothing] , [Staying warm in the wild] , [Staying cool in the wild]

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Stay hydrated

The human body depends greatly on water in order to function properly.  Water is needed to maintain temperature, remove waste, lubricate joints and assist the brain with navigating through difficult tasks. Water is an essential element for a healthy mind and body however, ... drinking very cold water can accelerate symptoms associated with hypothermia. Locating suitable water for drinking can become challenging during and following a disaster.  For the extreme survivalist building a urine still is another option used to extract water despite the disapproval of others who need to hydrate. This comes n handy when caught in the wilderness during a freeze. Locating water in the snow and ice can be disappointing at best. In those cases where we become stranded in such a condition it becomes beneficial to have included fire starters and a fuel source in our emergency supply kit for the purpose of melting ice. Locating water in dry harsh conditions requires a keen observation to spot moisture riddled plant life as well as bird activity which may offer up clues to a nearby watering source. Water can also be located in such conditions using an old method known as "Witching". The use of s forked stick or divining rods. See the link below. Water can be extracted from plants, tree's and foliage using plastic bags which encourage the evaporation process. This is contingent upon the ambient temperatures allowing such activity. If it is too cold outside the process wont work. Well constructed emergency kits typically contain water packets as well as filtration devices. An emergency back pack or "bug out" bag is a smart survival tool which can make the difference between life and death.  It is always a good idea to have preparations and supplies near by, ... especially drinking water. Stay hydrated. Below are some useful links for this topic.

Relevant resources:  [Finding water] , [The importance of hydration] , [More on water] , [Cold water truths] , [Water in the desert / Video] , [7 ways to find water / Video]

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Food source

Another essential item to be considered as part of our emergency supplies is long term food sources.  Nutrition bars are popular as a reasonable food source as they tend to last for years and posses a high degree of calories per square inch. Food and nutrition bars take up less space for storage and can sustain survivalists for longer periods of time during a calamity. Other foods to consider as part of an emergency kit would be jerky, dried fruits and nuts as well as gum which has the tendency to keep the mouth wet. Food can be found in many regions of wilderness around the planet. It is advantageous to include in the kit a guide on indigenous edible plant life which corresponds to the regions in which we reside in or travel through. Though many people believe they can use the internet to seek their answers it is smarter to be prepared for the contingency of loosing service. Learning how to trap food is a bonus. Otherwise savaging is another way to obtain food. Check the links below for relevant information.

Relevant resources:  [Trapping food] , [Finding food] , [More wilderness food] , [Food right in front of us] , [Finding food in the winter snow]

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Conserve body energy

Working hard and over exertion can quickly deplete vital bodily resources. That's great when done with the intent to stay in good physical condition and during a controlled routine but should be avoided during a calamity or disaster. Situations as such often require us to think quick and stay on our feet for more than the time allotted for a good work out. Over excursion can cause bodily energy to run out during times when replenishment is not readily available or possible. Panic and high emotions can attribute to the lose of desperately needed energy. These are times when we rely on our minds and bodies the most. Be sure to conserve and be sparing with bodily energy and resources.

Relative resources:  [Conserve energy during a crisis] , [Body conservation] , [Adrenal energy loss] ,  [Conserve food for incremental energy]

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Have an emergency pack nearby

An emergency kit or "Bug out bag"is of those things that doesn't seem too important, ... until it's needed. Many lives have been saved as a result of having just a few resources on hand. An emergency back pack can fit an amazing amount of survival goods conducive for unexpected events. Some items found in a survival pack would include such things as a map & compass for navigating and nutrition bars & water for maintaining coherent energy levels. Keeping phone numbers and valuable contacts in the pack can also be an advantage which is contingent upon available services. Experiences depict that spiritual guides, good reading material and games of various sorts is advantageous to include in the emergency supply kit. This can help fight the effects of cabin fever and depression caused from displacement during an evacuation process. Below are relevant items and links which can be considered useful when creating an emergency kit or bug out bag.

Relevant resources:  [Building a bug out bag] , [Bug out bag guide] , [More bug out] , [Build a kit] , [Wiki-how emergency kit build]

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Knowing the environment

Most of us are familiar with the regions we live within. Some of us have even ventured beyond our region frequently enough to be confident while traveling through those areas. We have a fairly good understanding for most all the weather conditions and seasons associated with these areas. For that reason we can plan in accordance for circumstances throughout a larger region. This comes in handy when traversing through areas away from our homes. Our emergency back packs should include clothing and provisions appropriate for the areas we typically travel through. Other than vacation schedules most humans travel between home and the work place with an occasional stop at the grocery store. Typically, .... that is the extent of of our daily travels. For new comers to an region it is advantageous to study up on characteristics of weather and climate changes for our new region so as to prevent being caught off guard during extreme weather and temperature swings. When forced to leave our homes in a hurry we tend to forget some of the most important items like a jacket or extra food and water.  A lack of familiarity and planning can result in poor decisions and if not prepared for appropriately, ... lives can be lost.  Below are a few links that may be beneficial in building confidence for knowing your environment.

Relevant resources:  [Climate data] , [National weather service] , [Weather info]

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Gaining knowledge

Simply stated, ... it is certainly an advantage to have additional knowledge in self reliance when surviving is on the line. Knowing how to utilize such knowledge can be useful for making fire in wet locations, hunting and trapping food or finding water in hot and dry regions.  Despite our advances in technology we as humans seem to be less capable with basic survival skills and techniques than our ancestors were. We have become dependent upon modern conveniences and have discarded and forgotten practical knowledge once used for survival. Living without modern conveniences now days is something that most humans are not prepared to contend with and do not possess the appropriate skills or knowledge be successful. Our egocentricity often gets in the way as we convince ourselves how impervious we are to external forces of nature. Many people do not entertain surviving beyond the concept of running to the nearest store to purchase what we need or we believe that taking from others might be an option worth defaulting to. This of course is not a realistic plan conducive for surviving. Actions as such can cost lives. Expect the worst. Many business owners will most likely lock down their markets and fueling stations with the intent to secure their goods for immediate family and friends and will defend those locations at all costs. In many cases the police and/or military will make a presence so as to prevent forcible looting and theft. This is when the potential for extreme chaos and civil upheaval arises. This is a time when moral values are easily tossed aside as we scrap and posture for survival between one another. The best way to survive such ordeals is to stand aside and let it happen around us. Get out of the way of chaos. This sort of strategy is better accomplished when we are self reliant and confident with our ability to survive without the need to compromise our good nature or values. Fear can cause people to do unspeakable things to one another. We don't have to participate in such behavior when we are appropriately prepared. Get educated & trained. Stay alive!!!

Relevant resources:  [How to make fire] , [Bush crafting] , [Staying cool in the desert]   [Finding water] , [Self defense in the wild]

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Considerations for machinery and technology

Certain considerations should be given to the care and operation of machinery and modern day technologies during extreme temperature related conditions. As shown in the image associated with this segment extreme weather related temperatures can have a huge effect on vehicles and most all other machinery and technologies. It is important to plan accordingly and be very aware of results associated with such conditions. As mentioned in earlier segments, ... a large portion of the human race has grown accustomed to and reliant on the conveniences of modern technology which can fail during a most inconvenient moment. We have all seen it. The family or motorist stranded on the side of the roadway due to a failure of technology. A simple road trip can turn deadly if unprepared. It is advantageous to carry that emergency pack in the vehicle so as to ease the discomfort of the elements associated with extreme weather conditions while stranded. It only takes a few hours of extreme temperatures for humans and pets to begin deteriorating into an unhealthy situation. Especially for children and the elderly or people with health conditions who are susceptible to spontaneous environmental changes. Once again it is important to carry water, food and extra clothing in case of becoming stranded for a number of hours along side the road in some desolate region of the planet. Be cautious of traveling in vehicles with potential issues and sustain using technology that appears unreliable while traversing through harsh regions. Take care of and perform maintenance on any piece of equipment we expect to use during such events. Heating and air systems designated for our dwelling should be maintained as well, ... especially if we reside in areas known to experience harsh weather & temperatures. Having a generator can provide electrical power during disruptions of utility power. This can offer a bridge effect to those reliant upon modern technology. Machinery operating in extreme cold environments which utilize water and other liquids are prone to freezing so many mechanics use "glycols" in the cooling system as an alternative. Glycols can be used for machinery in areas where temperatures frequently reach or exceed freezing conditions. It is certainly advantageous to have an emergency kit in our vehicles which can help with band-aid repairs so as to get us out of immediate danger. Various tapes and glues are items known to be conducive for emergency vehicle repairs as well as extra fluids, gasket materials and various components related to the function of the vehicles operation. Prevent being caught off guard on the road and at home.  Below are some relative links to consider for this segment.

Relevant resources:  [Glycol] , [Car survival kit] , [Roadside emergencies] , [Epic roadside repairs] ,      [Video 1/ roadside radiator repairs] , [Prepare for roadside emergencies] , [Home HVAC emergencies]

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The precautionary measures listed above cover a useful array of things to consider when preparing however it is a good idea to connect with like minded people so as to gain the most from our efforts in becoming self reliant. Self reliance is acquired through research, planning & action which is key to surviving most all calamities and disasters.

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More references

Biblical: Mark 13 vs 18 : "And pray that your flight will not be in the winter"  &  Mark 13 vs 33 "  Be on guard! Be alert"

http://www.survivopedia.com/navigate-without-maps-or-gps/?source=newsletter

https://www.google.com/search?q=Survive+extreme+cold&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8

https://www.google.com/search?q=survive+extreme+heat&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8

 

P2S