Survive vehicular accident

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Solution

Increasing the odds of surviving a vehicular accident

The description for "Vehicular accident" can be found under "Why be prepared"

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Prelude

A vehicular accident or crash is typically avoidable by reducing speed, ... increasing awareness and expectations as well as extending common respect and safety to fellow motorists. As mentioned in the description of vehicular accidents and crashes a number of factors can contribute to the potential for such an event to occur. Those factors can be related to mechanical failures, road conditions and poor judgement or intentional behavior from others who share the road with us. That being said the best defense against becoming a participant in a crash is to exercise caution and be attentive as to our surroundings. Short of wearing a helmet and Kevlar suit, ... there are methods and practices used with the aim of decreasing the odds of experiencing such an event. Of course, ... we can not control the drivers around us so the potential of eliminating the chances of being involved in an accident can not be lowered to 100% certainty.  We can however raise our own awareness to a point where nothing more than fender bender occurs, ... for the most part anyway. In a perfect world, ... we can all have a safe driving experience while on the road. Until that time comes, ... settling with surviving a disastrous accident or crash is the next best thing. Be safe and enjoy the ride!!!

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The following is intended to assist those seeking information known to be conducive for surviving a vehicular accident or crash.

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Be prepared before it happens

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Despite how careful and attentive we can be while driving, ... vehicle accidents and crashes can still happen when we least expect it. These types of events can have a variety of impact and results to both persons and property often effecting our ability to continue on to our intended destination. The impacts associated with a vehicular crash or accident can be emotional as well as mechanical in nature and can be managed with less stress and chaos if prepared. This simply means to have a sense of readiness and to understand that the odds for an accident to occur in any given day is high, ... especially in regions with greater levels traffic congestion. The aim is to beat the odds and avoid being caught in accidents or crashes as well as to be ready for when they occur.   [Relevant information]

Mechanical impacts can be devastating on all accounts and can incur great costs relative to those impacts as a result. It also means that we may be subject to finding alternative methods of traveling to and from our daily destinations which can be a huge inconvenience. Our vehicles can incur levels of damage that may render it's operation as a hazard to fellow motorists or fail to operate normally due to some minor issues. On many occasions we are subject to calling a tow truck to get us off the road when all we really need is a little ingenuity and a roll of duct tape. Just the same, ... minor injuries may occur yet not be enough to warrant hospitalization or transportation to an emergency room.  [Duct tape repairs] , [Roadside repairs]

Regardless of the severity and degree of the consequences it is considered advantageous to keep a degree of items in the vehicle, ... just in case minor medical attention or temporary repairs to the vehicle is required. For some people this may not seem important, ... especially if emergency services or help is just minutes away however, ... it is important to consider being prepared for those times when we are traveling outside of those time frames of comfort and convenience.

In addition to legal items required following an accident, ... such as insurance cards, drivers license and registration, ... it can be an advantage to carry an array of items known to be useful during emergencies and those times of inconveniences.

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The following are items known to be useful during such events.

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For vehicle repairs and counter measures

Shovel  »   For use in digging out vehicles and creating groves for tires.

Cat liter  »   For use in gaining traction and absorbing spills.

Fuel can  »   Grabbing extra fuel or capturing a leak from the vehicle.

Tie wraps  »  For temporary repairs where needed, hoses etc.

Duct tape  »  Various uses, hose repairs, broken glass, torn fenders.

Multi tool  »  Used when making repairs, cutting, turning of screws etc.

Fuse selection  »  For electrical repairs following circuit disruption.

Glue & adhesive  »  Temporary repairs where needed, connectors etc.

Auto repair manual  »  Specific to the vehicle, to assist in repairs.

Tire inflation (Fix-a flat)  »  To attempt in tire re-inflation.

Small roll of insulated wire  »  For electrical repairs to damaged wires.

Hacksaw blade or cable saw  »  For cutting obstructions.

Small selection of hand tools  »  To assist with repairs.

Jump starter or jumper cables  »  To jump start dead battery.

Knife or seat belt cutting device  »  Keep close to passengers.

Bailing wire or metal coat hangers  »  For temporary repairs.

Hidden spare keys, ignition and truck  »  Just in case of broken keys.

Fire extinguisher or suppression device  »  To prevent fires spreading.

Tire chains or traction material such as  a carpet square  » Traction.

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For communicating

Flares  »  For warning others or use in melting materials for repairs.

Flashlight  »  For signaling and to assist with vision at night.

Warning triangle  »  For warning other motorists.

Whistle or air horn  »  To gain help when trapped or injured.

Pen, pencil & paper  »  For capturing important information.

CB or two way radio  »  Calling for help, in case of no cell service.

List of emergency contacts  »  Informing important people, loved ones.

Cell phone with USB or solar charger  »  Contacting others or help.

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For first aid

First aid kit  »  Used for medical attention.

Slings and wraps  »  For medical attention.

Roll of paper towels or rags »  To assist with medical care.

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For comfort and sustenance

Water  »  For hydration and emergency use in vehicle cooling system.

Extra clothes  »  For warmth or to replace damages clothes.

Thick blanket  »  For warmth and breaking windshield glass.

Rain coat or parka  »  Comfort during a storm or damp weather.

Energy bars (food)  »  For longer periods of being stranded.

Mylar space blanket  »  For warmth to help with shock.

Spare change or currency  »  Just in case.

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It is reasonable to understand that storing items as such requires available space, especially for those who choose to carry a vast array of items in preparation most any situation. The amount of items we keep in our vehicles is of personal preference and subject to available storage. Many survival minded enthusiasts tend to invest in those external cargo carriers for the purpose of being prepared to the fullest extent.

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While operating a vehicle

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3D Awareness

Distractions are abundant for most all motorists.  For instance, ... motorists are often distracted by variations of obstacles moving along or across their view. Many such obstacles are often associated with the diversity between fellow motorists and their vehicles. If all vehicles were the same type, ... color and operated at the same speeds than it might be easier to stay focused on the road with far less of distraction. These distraction have been known to present a risk or the potential to have an accident. That is however not the real world we live in. Humans are a diverse and colorful species and we certainly enjoy our indifference's. Variations in vehicle types, colors and operational characteristics add more risk to driving due to those distractions than ever before.  [Related info]

Adding into the mix of distractions are the variations of personalities operating those vehicles which increases the chances to see or experience a collision. To make matters even more intense we have additional distractions to deal with such as obstacles and debris in the road as well as wild animals and sudden shifts in weather.  [Personality test for drivers] , [Avoiding obstacles]

Going deeper, ... having a look inside of vehicles barreling down the road we might see and hear behavior known to be a distraction as well. People are known to turn the inside of their cars into their living rooms. Things like grooming themselves, reading the news paper,  installing makeup as well as blaring intensely loud and distractive music or even sexual acts, ... all of which places us all at higher levels of risk.  [Related info 1] , [Related info 2]

For these reasons it is important to have  a 3D sense of observation. If the intent is to decrease the odds of participating in a vehicular accident than it is certainly advantageous to pay close attention to what is going on around us and anticipate mistakes made by other drivers.

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Respectful and courteous behavior

In a perfect world we would all participate and feel inclined to treat fellow motorists with common respect and behavior with the intent to create a safe and enjoyable drive fro everyone. This means that despite the kind of day we are having we still manage to behave ourselves with the highest degree of respect for others. To refrain from acting out childishly or in a bullish fashion is beneficial for everyone. However, ... the diversity between humans is vast and colorful and the likely hood of a perfect driving environment may exist only in our hopes and dreams. To be disrespectful towards others, ... to initiate anger or prompt harsh reaction from fellow motorists is an offense that often leads to defensive counter measures by victimized motorists. Unfortunate circumstances have occurred as a result of such action often ending in death of innocent bystanders and fellow travelers. Legal ramification for the use of a motor vehicle as a weapon include years in prison. Those who find themselves surrounded by hostile or aggressive behavior on the road may benefit from taking the nearest exit and taking a breath of fresh air. This has most certainly proven to be a diffusing attribute in avoiding such situations that can lead to a vehicular crash or accident.  [Respectful driving]

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Avoid dangerous influence

From time to time we can find ourselves exposed to dangerous influence which has the potential to effect our ability to drive a vehicle safely. As mentioned earlier, ... many such influences come from mental and physical deterrents such as with the use of drugs and alcohol or reading news papers while driving down the road.

Other deterrents include but are not limited to excessive arguing, having a meal while driving, watching videos, texting on the phone or gawking at other drivers.

Other such deterrents known to cause auto accidents and crashes is related to the effects from watching movies which involve racing. Statistics depict that immediately following theater showings of those movies which are centered around street racing several accidents occurred shortly afterwards. In many of these cases drivers and passengers lost their lives. It is advantageous to allow ourselves to remember that these are movies. Actions and perception of skills are most often exaggerate beyond reality. For the most part, ... we can all  be influenced by movies with that euphoric and new life kind of feeling but it soon wears off within a few hours. These are the critical hours where influence has taken lives. Awareness for this influence coupled with the ability to adjust appropriately afterwards is a key to preventing vehicular accidents and the loss of lives.

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As a passenger

As a passenger in a vehicle we are very vulnerable to elements generally thought to be out of our control. Being attentive as to the emotional, mental & physical condition of the driver can save lives as well as the hassle of participating in a crash. Most everyone has a fairly good understanding as to the effects of drugs and alcohol and how it impairs perception and the ability to make rational decisions. It is especially important to know the condition of the driver while riding as a passenger. Despite contrary or resentful belief being attentive or reactive to these conditions is our business as a passenger.  Just the same are concerns for driving habits of the pilot such as with aggressive speeds, lane changes and measures of courtesy for other motorists. The best time to be vocal regarding opposition is immediately upon realization that the odds of participating in an accident with this particular driver is increased or very likely. The driver may not appreciate such opposition as most people feel they have the skills and abilities second to none.  There have been many passengers who have been let out of a vehicle only to hear that the driver and vehicle have perished in a crash minutes later. Don't be a victim as a passenger. Be aware and act with the aim of living beyond the ride.  [Related information]

On the flip side, ... try not to antagonize the driver of a vehicle while riding as a passenger. Many accidents and crashes have occurred as a result of spontaneous reaction or response to aggression from passengers.

A note for younger drivers and passengers. Most accidents and crashes are caused by inexperienced and new drivers. Adding to the disadvantage is the maturity levels or lack there of which often has a tendency to reveal a God like complex known to  increase risk for all motorists on the road. It only take one mistake to change lives or end them altogether.  [Related info 1] , [Related info 2]

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Regional and area specifics

Increased risks for vehicular accidents can be associated with specific regions and terrain which may include but are not limited to the following.

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  Mountains with winding roads

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  Levee roads

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   City congestion

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   Dirt roads

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  Two lane roads with no divider

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   Off roading 4 x 4 activity

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  Obstacles and debris on roads

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Road conditions

Ice, ... snow, ... rain ... as well as extreme heat are all weather related factors which cause changes and exhibit diversity in driving conditions on the roads, ... all of which differ from one another. Each condition can become a new driving experience while acclimating.

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»»»  Tips for Safe Driving on Snow and Ice  «««

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What to expect during and after an accident or crash

There are aspects associated with vehicular accidents that we would benefit from understanding.

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Legalities

The first is related to legal ramifications in which many people tend to either over look important details or forget to gain all the appropriate information required for such an event. This is often due to various reasons such as when associated with shock, irritation and anger or simply not knowing what to do or unable to perform the following tasks.  [Liabilities]

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Take photos

Talk with witnesses

Exchanging insurance information

Making notes on how we feel physically

Stay at the scene to be sure law enforcement has the correct information or details.

See more here from "Find Law"  [Source]

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Serious physical injuries

Aspects of what to expect for the more serious type of crash is variable and specific for each person. For the most part, ... descriptions from victims who have survived terrible accidents tell stories of waking on the side of the road wondering what happened. Some of the victims in these cases are unaware of their own physical conditions until they attempt to move and suddenly become aware of how serious their situation really is. If other motorists are witness to the crash they may or may not offer help as some people are simply horrified at such an event. Others who have a tougher stomach will most likely run to the aid of those involved. Allowing them to help without resistance may be advantageous to surviving, ... especially since they my have a better idea as to what we need at that moment. Other surviving victims describe waking in and out of consciousness with scattered memories associated with ambulance rides, helicopter transportation or in the ICU ward of a hospital. It's only after these memories that accident victims may discover that those who were in the vehicle with them have died. This experience most often begins the next stages of what will be a long road to recovery changing live forever. Nothing will ever be the same.

Many survivors of terrible vehicular crashes experience PTSD, (post traumatic stress disorder), as well as physical limitations requiring years of therapy. Some people never get back into a vehicle while others continue on with reckless behavior constantly repeating their mistakes or poor driving habits.

Victims of vehicle crashes are not limited to being directly involved. Our loved ones, friends and coworkers lives can also be effected and changed just the same if not more so. Family and friend have often altered their lives to take care of victims while they recuperate, ... on many occasions ending for indefinite periods of time. Companies and business firms have been lost and deteriorated as a result of such events by the loss of important and key figures due to vehicular crashes.

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Survivor stories:    [Source 1] , [Source 2] , [Source 3] , [Source 4] , [Source 5]

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»»» National Center for PTSD «««

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These circumstances can most often be avoided by adhering to a code of conduct which consists of an array of tactics, awareness and the understanding as to what a vehicle can tolerate. The final and most important aspect of surviving is to simple care for and respect the privileged of vehicular transportation and it's intricacies. Not all victims, (survivors and those who have died), are to blame for their experience yet they paid the price none the less.

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What to do for others when coming upon an accident or crash.

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First at the scene of a car accident

Every situation is different, of course, but taking these steps will help give victims the best aid possible while keeping you safe.

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Park safely away from the crash

While driving near the crash when it happened, park at least 100 feet from the scene. This allows the ability to survey the scene from a safe distance without putting ourselves in immediate danger. It also helps make sure emergency vehicles have a clear path.

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Signal the crash for other motorists or emergency personnel

This can be done by flicking on our hazard lights. If we have flares, traffic triangles or cones, ... we would put them to good use by deploying them.

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Assess the situation

It is important to keep an appropriate distance from the scene while sizing up  injuries of potential victims (who may have been thrown from their cars). Just the same goes for identifying hazardous conditions like broken glass, leaked fuel, or fallen power lines. If there's any hint of leaked fuel, do not use flares.

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Call 911

Don't assume someone else has called 911 or emergency services. Make the call and be ready to relay pertinent details such as the location of the incident, number of people involved, and severity of their injuries. If someone else witnessed the accident, ask that person to call 911 while you continue to seek ways to help.

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If it's safe to proceed, assist victims who need help

Attempt to communicate to those who are injured. Don't move them, as this could worsen their injuries. Doing our best to be be calming and to assure victims that help is coming is encouraging and advantageous. We can also cover victims with a blanket or something warm if they need it. Shade them from the sun or just hold their hand.  It's not our job to treat injuries unless we are  in fact medical professionals in which case the victims will benefit from that expertise until emergency crews arrive. If someone is trapped in a burning car or another dangerous scenario, that's different. If able to so, ... try to move them to a safe distance and wait for help to arrive.

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Stabilize the cars

If victims have been tended to and it's safe to move around the scene, put any vehicles involved in "park" and turn the ignition off. And if it's a minor incident and the drivers are up to it,  help them push their cars out of harm's way.

[Source]

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Good Samaritan laws

Good Samaritans often have the best of intentions when helping at the scene of a vehicle crash, but sometimes even the best intentions can actually lead to further complications or injuries. Exercise good judgement with compassion.

Some states have enacted Good Samaritan laws for just these types of cases. Good Samaritan laws can offer liability protection for civilians who assist others in need. This doesn't mean Samaritans are automatically covered in every case as laws vary from state to state.  [Definitions]

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Origins of the "Good Samaritan"

Samaritans, as described in the Bible, were social outcasts in Jerusalem. The "Good Samaritan" is the description of one Samaritan man who, against the odds, stopped to help an injured traveler whom no one else would assist.   [Source]

After a car accident, a little civilian help can go a long way. Sometimes it means heroically moving a victim from a burning car, but more often it means calling 911 or offering some reassuring words as you wait for help to arrive. Keep these guidelines in mind the next time you find yourself at the scene of a crash.

[Source]

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Knowledge to assist

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Auto Accident - First On The Scene

11 first aid tips you should know in case of a road-traffic accident

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P2S Red cross 1 .

First aid tips from the Red Cross

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After an accident

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After the Car Crash: Getting Through the Next Few Weeks

After the crash - the mental battle

Delivering post crash care

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Videos

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How to Lift & Move an Accident Victim | First Aid Training

How To Survive A Multi-Car Pile Up

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Resources

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http://www.wikihow.com/Avoid-Car-Accidents

http://kidshealth.org/teen/safety/driving/post_crash.html

https://www.esurance.com/info/car/how-to-handle-a-car-accident

http://www.roadandtravel.com/safetyandsecurity/accidentfirstonscene.htm

http://lifehacker.com/what-to-do-when-you-ve-been-in-a-car-accident-1713225039

https://www.esurance.com/info/car/how-to-be-a-good-samaritan-after-a-car-accident

vehicular accident